PHP – Validate Name

The code below shows a simple way to check if the name field only contains letters and whitespace. If the value of the name field is not valid, then store an error message:

$name = test_input($_POST[“name”]);
if (!preg_match(“/^[a-zA-Z ]*$/”,$name)) {
$nameErr = “Only letters and white space allowed”;
}

 

Note The preg_match() function searches a string for pattern, returning true if the pattern exists, and false otherwise.

 


PHP – Validate E-mail

The easiest and safest way to check whether an email address is well-formed is to use PHP’s filter_var() function.

In the code below, if the e-mail address is not well-formed, then store an error message:

$email = test_input($_POST[“email”]);
if (!filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
$emailErr = “Invalid email format”;
}


PHP – Validate URL

The code below shows a way to check if a URL address syntax is valid (this regular expression also allows dashes in the URL). If the URL address syntax is not valid, then store an error message:

$website = test_input($_POST[“website”]);
if (!preg_match(“/\b(?:(?:https?|ftp):\/\/|www\.)[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%?=~_|!:,.;]*[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%=~_|]/i”,$website)) {
$websiteErr = “Invalid URL”;
}

 


PHP – Validate Name, E-mail, and URL

Now, the script looks like this:

Example

<?php
// define variables and set to empty values
$nameErr = $emailErr = $genderErr = $websiteErr = “”;
$name = $email = $gender = $comment = $website = “”;

if ($_SERVER[“REQUEST_METHOD”] == “POST”) {
if (empty($_POST[“name”])) {
$nameErr = “Name is required”;
} else {
$name = test_input($_POST[“name”]);
// check if name only contains letters and whitespace
if (!preg_match(“/^[a-zA-Z ]*$/”,$name)) {
$nameErr = “Only letters and white space allowed”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“email”])) {
$emailErr = “Email is required”;
} else {
$email = test_input($_POST[“email”]);
// check if e-mail address is well-formed
if (!filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
$emailErr = “Invalid email format”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“website”])) {
$website = “”;
} else {
$website = test_input($_POST[“website”]);
// check if URL address syntax is valid (this regular expression also allows dashes in the URL)
if (!preg_match(“/\b(?:(?:https?|ftp):\/\/|www\.)[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%?=~_|!:,.;]*[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%=~_|]/i”,$website)) {
$websiteErr = “Invalid URL”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“comment”])) {
$comment = “”;
} else {
$comment = test_input($_POST[“comment”]);
}

if (empty($_POST[“gender”])) {
$genderErr = “Gender is required”;
} else {
$gender = test_input($_POST[“gender”]);
}
}
?>

Run example »

The next step is to show how to prevent the form from emptying all the input fields when the user submits the form.

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